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If we explore the Swedish culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of Swedish culture relative to other world. If we explore French culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of France’s culture relative to other world. Please select a country in the dropdown menu below to see the values for the 6 dimensions. After a first country has been selected, a second and even a third.

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The dimension scores in the Hofstede model of national culture can be downloaded here

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The results from this study led Hofstede to add a new fifth dimension to his model: Software of the Mindco-authored with his son Gert Jan Hofstede.

Managing international organizations involves understanding both national and organizational cultures. It is a fictional law and a Scandinavian concept which counsels people not to boast or try to culhuur themselves above others. He analysed a large database of employee value scores collected within IBM between and The skeleton I proposed is a worldwide structure in cultural differences among cultures.


After leaving the military he worked in industry from tostarting as a factory hand in Amsterdam. Gerard Hendrik Geert Hofstede born 2 October is a Dutch social psychologistformer IBM employee, and Professor Emeritus of Organizational Anthropology and International Management at Maastricht University in the Netherlands, well known for his pioneering research on cross-cultural groups and organizations. Hofstede replied to that critique [26] and Ailon responded.

Weak UAI societies maintain a more relaxed attitude in which practice counts more than principles. The analysis of his survey data and his claims led many management practitioners to embrace the model, especially after the publication of his book, Cultures and Organizations: Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory. This makes him the currently most cited European social scientist.

Hofstede received many honorary awards, [5] hofztede in was made a Knight in the Order of the Netherlands Lion Orde van de Nederlandse Leeuw. At IBM International, Hofstede started working as a management trainer and manager of personnel research, and founded and managed the Personnel Research Department.

Culture, Obm, and Organizations: He used existing literature in psychology, sociology, political science, and anthropology to relate his findings in a larger scope of study.

Join the Hofstede Insights Network A highly selective worldwide network of culture and management consultants with extensive professional experience and knowledge on how to implement culturally sensitive management practices.

The 6 dimensions of national culture

Cell phone marketing is another interesting example of the application of Hofstede’s model for cultural differences: Restraint stands for a society that suppresses gratification of needs and regulates it by means of strict social norms. These considerations are also true in international management and cross-cultural leadership. Hofstede’s model explaining national cultural differences and their consequences, when introduced incame at a time when cultural differences between societies had become increasingly relevant for both economic and political reasons.

Power Distance is defined as the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally. It describes the effects of a society’s culture on the values of its members, and how these values relate to behavior, using a structure derived from factor analysis.


The fundamental issue here is how a society handles inequalities among people. In fact, it is a cultural sign that ‘serious’ negotiations are just beginning. Structure and planning are required.

Parents make their children emotionally independent with regard to groups in which they belong. International Differences in Work-Related Values 2nd ed. In this book, there were two new dimensions that were added, and the number of countries covered was between 76 and The essentials of scholarship: A new interpretation of the World Values Survey and other cross-cultural data.

Geert Hofstede site CV work life theory 6 dimensions of culture Gert Jan

As of we also keep track of seriously researched VSM scores that are brought to our attention and that are plausible but cannot be integrated into the wider model with confidence. So we should hofsrede dimension scores with a grain of salt.

Society at large is more consensus-oriented. There is a strong need for laws, rules and regulations to structure life.

This section needs additional citations for verification. Instead of the convergence phenomena we expected with hofstwde technologies availability the ” global village culture”cultural differences are still significant today and diversity tends to increase. This dimension is defined as the extent to which people try to control their desires and impulsesbased on the way they were raised.