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The Triple Helix: University-Industry-Government Innovation In Action London: Routledge, (). Translations: Swedish (); Chinese (); Portuguese. The Triple Helix — University-Industry-Government Relations: A Laboratory for Knowledge Based Etzkowitz, Henry and Leydesdorff, Loet, The Triple Helix. PDF | On Jun 1, , Anders Broström and others published The Triple Helix: University–industry–government innovation in action – By Henry Etzkowitz.

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Technology transfer offices have been established by universities to foster trkple transformation of university basic or applied research with a commercial value into commercial goods.

Convergence of Science Parks, Centres and Clusters: European Commission Directorate General for Research. Why are women and minority scientists still treated so badly?

Triple helix model of innovation

Invention, Encyclopedia of Sociology. In development for Harvard University Press.

He gives the example of Carl Djerassia research etzkoitz for a pharmaceutical company who joined Stanford University while continuing his industrial activity. On the other hand, they can be the result of a university initiative to attract industry, as was the case with the development of Stanford ‘s science park around the university or the Research Triangle in North Carolina.

Nobel Foundation Symposium on Science and Industry.

Autonomous or Dependent Technology? Public Venture Capital with Gulbrandsen and Levitt.


Triple helix model of innovation – Wikipedia

In a laissez-faire model, in which the industry and market forces are the leading forces, the ties are weaker and each institution tends to remain very etkzowitz. A Third Academic Revolution? But according to Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff, it can also be a policy making tool.

When Path Dependencies Collide: The Second Academic Revolution: Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff’s model uses a spectrum to define the extent of these interactions. The dynamics of innovation: Reprinted in Science and Technology London: However, the average profitability of TTOs remains very low.

Retrieved from ” https: Forging the Knowledge Economy: The triple helix model of innovation refers to a set of interactions between academia, industry and governments, to foster economic and social development. Environmentalism and Equity, Science Feb. The Rise of a Triple Helix Culture: The Making of an Entrepreneurial University: Information Infrastructure for Healthcare: However, the distinction between the two models is not always clear cut, as the government can choose to adopt a strong or a weak stance depending on the context and the industry.

Corporations and the City: The other interactions take place through the involvement of industry managers and university faculty in both sectors.

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Henry Etzkowitz’ Publications

In liberal economies the role of the government will be limited to preventing market failures. The evolution of the incubator and the emergence of a triple helix with Mello and AlmeidaResearch Policy 34 4: From Entrepreneurial Science to Social Entrepreneurship. Johns Hopkins University Press.


An institutional logics perspective” PDF. Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff argue that the initial role of universities is to provide education to individuals and basic research. Unity and Diversity in High-tech Growth and Renewal: Indeed, this framework claims that under the triple helix model, the emerging technologies do not always match the demands and needs of society, thus limiting their potential impact.

Universities in the Global Knowledge Economy. Gender and Excellence in the Making. Finding A Social Basis for U.

Middletown and Middletown in Transition. Solar Versus Nuclear Energy: For example, Etzkowitz argues that after the end of the Soviet Era, triple helix inspired policies were implemented in Eastern Europe to promote their growth. The Capitalization of Knowledge: Is There a Fourth Helix? According to Etzkowitz, the transfer of people between university and industry constitutes a very important transfer of knowledge.

Cambridge University Press In Press. Mendelsohn et al eds Science, Technology and the Military Dordrecht: The Technology Link to Economic Development. Triple Helix Research Group.