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Definition. The Gadaa system is an indigenous egalitarian democratic system practiced among the Oromo nation of East Africa for the last six. Oromo society was structured in accordance with this Gada system. The Oromo society was structured into two distinct but cross-cutting system. They also say investigating Oromo society without considering the Gadaa System is merely like a man walking without a skeleton. In fact, many.

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The existing differentiation of functions and minimal ranking does not imply inequality or hierarchy. Historically, it has been seen as a better method of governing than other sstem in the region. Oromo oral traditional also supports the above view.

One is the system in which the sydtem of each class are recruited strictly on the basis of chronological age which the anthropologists call Age Sets.

One of such is the Gadaa system of the Oromo People. The investiture of Gada leaders at this stage is distinguished from the induction of Gada councilors during proclamation ceremony in the 24 th? As a social institution, it functions as a mechanism of socialization, conflict resolution, judicial administration, religious expression and social harmony.

Time – among the Guji-Oromo the general assembly takes place once in every eight years and mostly for a week, just a week before power transfer. The Gadaa system is an indigenous egalitarian democratic system practiced among the Oromo nation of East Africa for the last six hundred years. In the case of the former, it is very crucial, to attract the attention of the participants since it also marks power transfer and in the case of the latter it is important since it checks the responsibility of the leaders in gadaaa.


These cultural spaces are legally and culturally protected. Historically, the process of enacting laws by the general assembly across central Oromo was quite different, especially before the midth century.

GADAA – Socio-Political & Economic Structure of Oromo People – Oromo Community Organization

The public conduct of Individuals is governed by safuu Oromo moral system. Unlike other, Western democratic systems, the Gadaa system has five permanent political parties whose members assume leadership once every eight years. The Oromo socio-political structures had been dismantled by the Abyssinian conquerors that came from the north. The conceptualisation of the postcolonial state in Africa is also highly influenced by the present predicaments see: Both social groups pass from one stage of development to the next every eight years.

In other words, until a “consensus” is reached the deliberation continues. There is some historical evidence that in the 16 th?

Other shortcomings include syxtem of rules, and the question of scaling Gadaa to millions of people. Though the Gadaa system itself is no longer widely practiced, it remains influential in Oromo society at large.

In the Gadaa System both Kallachaa and Caaccuu are the ritual materials used for demonstration of the Oromo society at large. A futuristic, governance 2. Oromo horsemanship is a highly prized aspect of their culture and it had a great deal to do systsm their military success over the centuries.


Ethiopia: Key Background Information On Gadaa System

Abbaa muudaa sysrem with the Gadaa System and offices are hereditary. This is a possible indication that democracy is sustainable where it is socially and culturally grounded, and not simply self-proclaimed democratic republicanism. They campaign on behalf of their sons. Participants of Gada Assembly are Gada leaders, junior councilors, assistant officials in the administration, Yuba semi-retired Gada leadersmany age sets councilors and a large number of clan elders.

The principal responsibilities of the initiates or the? Gadaa has been criticized for being patriarchal, as it excludes women from political affairs.

Today the Gada institutions have been preserved among the Borana and Guji clans of the Oromo nation. They are also fair in recruitment. Within forty years, all five parties serve their nation constituting sysyem Gadaa’. Then the chance will be his. The fifth grade is collectively called the warrior class.

Since, power dystem takes place elsewhere following elections, it would be interesting to see people gather and deliberate on the future of their country, not just before election but gavaa before power transfer.