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FM 3-22.65 PDF

FM (FM ). BROWNING MACHINE GUN,. CALIBER HB, M2. MARCH HEADQUARTERS. DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY. DISTRIBUTION. M Cal FM study guide by pythonregius24 includes 14 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help. Start studying M CAL FM Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

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Therefore, each gunner observes his tracers and covers what he believes to be the entire target. When only one gunner is required to engage a target and the leader has alerted two or more, the gunner not firing aims on the target and follows the movements of the target. Ammunition must be allocated for each key event and to support movement with suppressive fires.

Engages or makes further adjustments. The leader selects and designates targets. Searching distributes fires in depth by successive changes in elevation.

It is employed against a target whose long axis is oblique to the direction of fire. Classes of fire with respect to the target.

Subsequent fire commands are used to make adjustments in direction and elevation, to change rates of fire after a fire mission is in progress, to interrupt fires, or to terminate the alert. Aids in observing fire. Marks sector same as above.

FM – Appendix A – Machine Gun Employment « Infantry Drills

He then repeats the entire subsequent fire command. All gunners must know the standard arm-and-hand signals. Dead Space and Grazing Fire A The composition and strength of these detachments depends on the size of the main body, its mission, and the nature of the opposition expected. The crew covers the direction from which he expects enemy activity as well as the direction from which the unit came. It arms within 18 to 30 meters of the gun muzzle.


Machine gun targets include key enemy weapons or groups of enemy targets either on the objective or attempting to reinforce or counterattack. The leader may alert both gunners in the squad and may have only one fire, depending upon the situation. It is fired from the same gun position as the primary sector of fire. vm

Channeling the enemy by use of terrain or obstacles so they approach a friendly machine gun position from the front in a column formation is one example. Example surface danger zone for machine guns.

FM 3-22.65

Another way to designate obscure targets is to use easy-to-recognize reference points. It also involves the possible impact area on both sides of the gun target line and the possible dispersion of material caused by the strike of the rounds, the possible ricochet area, and any area to the rear that is adversely affected by the effects of firing the weapon Figure A Unless otherwise directed, hostile aircraft within range of the gun about meters maximum effective range should be engaged.

Fires when told to fire. The leader can use machine guns to subject the enemy to increasingly devastating fire from the initial phases of his attack, and to neutralize any partial successes the enemy might attain by delivering intense fires in support of counterattacks. When these changes are given, the gunner makes the corrections and resumes firing without further command. The extent of grazing fire and the extent of dead space may be determined in two ways. He then adjusts fire, regulates the rate of fire, shifts from one target to another, and ceases fire.

Secondary Sector of Fire A The primary requirement of a suitable machine gun position in the defense is its effectiveness in accomplishing specific missions. Any dead space encountered along the FPL must be covered by indirect fire, such as from an M Keeps count between bursts and ensures gun does not fire out of turn. The weapons squad consists of a weapons squad leader and machine gun teams. These aiming points should be close enough together to ensure adequate target coverage.


Distributed and Concentrated Fire A The HE round is effective against unarmored vehicles 3-2.65 personnel. Line of Sight A M machine gun, bipod and tripod mounted. Arm-and-hand signals must be used 33-22.65 control the Soldier who is walking and to obtain an accurate account of the dead space and its location. Security includes all command measures to protect against surprise, observation, and annoyance by the enemy.

Machine guns 3-2.65 sited to protect the front, flanks, and rear of occupied portions of the defensive position, and to be mutually supporting. This overcomes the tendency to fire high. They then shift their fires to the flank opposite the one being assaulted and continue to target any automatic weapons that provide enemy support, and engage any enemy counterattack.

M Machine gun In the Offense A The rate of fire must be controlled to adequately cover the target, but not waste ammunition or destroy the barrel. It is delivered against a wide target with minimal depth.

Example weapons fn duty positions and responsibilities. Personal contact is used more than any other method by Infantry leaders. This preparation maximizes the effectiveness of the machine gun during good as well as limited visibility.