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A few points to note, assuming Alexander won. 1. Alexander, after defeating Porus, impressed by him makes him the governor of all his territories in India. Hydaspes (Old Indian Vitaçtā, modern Jhelum): river in Pakistan, famous for a battle of Alexander the Great. Hydaspes, possible location of the. After destroying the last remnants of the Persian army at Gaugamela, Alexander spent the next two years occupying the heartlands of central Asia. Continuing.

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As the Indian troops pushed deeper into the enemy formation their progress began to slow and then was completely halted. The coin commemorates the Macedonian victory. The main reasons for the Pauravans’ defeat were Alexander’s use of tactics, and the Macedonians’ superior discipline and technology. The production of power from wind energy has considerably increased in the recent years.

He thought there was only one island to cross and it turned out that there were two islands, so batle troops were exhausted and cold after performing 3 crossings. Peucestas and Leonnatus scrambled up the ladder, followed by Hydaapes, a double-pay Guardsman who was the only man with the presence of mind to seize a second ladder and mount it. Even their heavy armour-piercing bows were inaccurate because of the slippery ground, [19] though the muddy ground was also an advantage to the lighter armored Indians.

Throughout the battle, Alexander is said to have observed with growing admiration the valour of Porus, and understood that Porus intended to die in combat rather than be captured. His army had just won a hard fought battle against a minor local ruler named Porus.

Motilal Banarsidass Publishe — via Google Books. Seeing the mass of Macedonian infantry form for the assault, the Indians abandoned the walls and crammed themselves into their citadel. At last, the pragmatist in him won out.

Please try again later. Battle of the Hydaspes. The Macedonian chargers burst out onto the open plain directly behind the advancing Indian forces and caught up with them halfway into their charge. The Indian cavalry were thus routed, and fled to the safety of their elephants. As the two forces collided in the center of the battle field, the Macedonian phalanxes easily ran down the Indian foot soldiers before them, impaling hundreds of the enemy on their sixteen foot pikes with each advancing step.


Invasion of India In ancient Greek civilization: When the barbed head was extracted, blood spurted from the wound, and Alexander finally fainted. As at Agalassa, the cornered Indians fought manfully, killing 25 Macedonians who had batttle their way into the citadel through a breach. After his recuperation, the Macedonian king sailed down the Indus to the Indian Ocean and then marched back to Babylon. Eventually the two hyeaspes met and arrayed themselves for the battle.

The arrow that quivered in his chest was heavy, with a large barbed head. In early spring of the next year, Alexander formed an hydaapes with Taxiles also known as Ambhi Kumarthe King of Taxila. The Pauravan infantry and cavalry were poorly armoured, lacking in metal armour, and their short swords were no match against the long spears of the Macedonians.

For the first time, the Macedonians had not rushed where he led. Instead Porus chose to play his last card by personally leading out the last of his infantry formations in one final attempt at victory. Alexander’s terms were thus very generous to the defeated monarch. MapsofIndia has updated its Terms and Privacy Policy to give Users more transparency into the data this Website collects, how it is processed and the controls Users have on their personal data.

They were also reputed to be the most warlike of the Indians in those regions. The cavalry encircled the city until the infantry could come up for a proper assault. Porus placed these animals in front of his infantry; on his wings, he batgle his hydawpes.

Hydaspes ( BCE) – Livius

Internet URLs are the best. But Perdiccas found the city empty, its inhabitants having already fled. But it is not so.

Then Coenus put his finger on the gulf between the king and his army: The battle resulted in a Greek victory and the surrender of Porus. But with his elephants and slow-moving…. University of California Press — via Google Books. From now on, the Indians were on all sides surrounded, and the battlefield changed into a killing ground.


Alexander opened the battle by ordering his mounted archers forward towards the Indian left flank, Porus responded by launching his left wing chariots supported by the cavalry. It was a mistake. Across the river these enemy movements persuaded Porus to believe the Macedonians to still be encamped. After a meal and short rest, Alexander roused his men to lf, again under cover of night. Without the aid of the left flank which was still to shaken and disorganized, Parmenio ordered what was left of the Macedonian infantry phalanxes forward in a general advance.

He moved his mounted troops up and down the river bank each night while Porus shadowed him. They had all seen mortal wounds aplenty, and every warrior must have thought Alexander a dead man. Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Hydasles

Battle of the Hydaspes

When asked by Alexander how he wished to be treated, Porus replied “Treat me as a king would treat another king”. Porus batttle ordered his war elephants to advance upon Alexander’s extreme left flank.

He waited for the phalanx to come up and sent it forward, supported by cavalry, to carry the position, killing or enslaving all the Indians. The Indian horsemen tried to form a double phalanx to face both attacks, but the necessary complicated manoeuvres brought even more confusion into their ranks, making it easier for the Macedonian cavalry to defeat them. This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat Alexander sensed the hydaseps of response among his officers. The Indians surged forward for the kill, but Alexander continued to defend yydaspes.

For more great articles be sure to pick up your copy of Military History.