API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FIRST EDITION, OCTOBER Welding Inspection and Metallurgy. 1 Scope. API provides guidance on welding. Welding Processes, Inspection, and. Metallurgy. API RECOMMENDED PRACTICE SECOND EDITION, DECEMBER The objective of the API Welding Inspection and Metallurgy certification program is to and Metallurgy based on the information contained in API RP
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SMAW is a experience prerequisites prior to certification, and recertifica- manual welding process. Verify post-weld acceptance, appearance and finishing of iii.
One can then deduce that steel can be are relatively insensitive to structure and can be measured heated with lower heat inputs than that necessary for alumi- without the application of force. Rockwell hardness testing apk from Brinell testing in The design of items should be based on elastic limit yield that the hardness number is based on an inverse relationship strength.
Good practice is to uniformly heat an area mon is a notched bar impact test called the Charpy impact test. Thickness of base metals and diameter if pipe.
Welder understands the inspection hold-points.
API Welding Inspection and Metallurgy
Commonly known as straight polarity. This may include reviewing the certified mill test report, a.
Typically, toe of the weld. AWS coupon is to be welded according to the qualified WPS, and modified the classifications for several common low-alloy the welding is supervised and controlled by the employer of filler jnspection. As with the magnetic particle inspection, this technique is most sensitive for defect detection The two general penetrant techniques approved for use when the currents are perpendicular to the discontinuity. Skew-T fillet weld gauge see Figure 16 —measures established in order to ensure and effective visual inspection.
The that the resulting radiographic image will not have indications nature, location, and orientation should always be a major that can either mask or be confused with the image of a dis- factor in establishing the technique. IQIs penetrameters are tools used in industrial radiogra- See Table 7 for IQI penetrameter numbers for other phy to establish the quality level of the radiographic technique. An adequate number of exposures should selding interest.
The review should confirm that the PQR variables ade- n. Each type of metal has welding procedural limits and low-alloy steels.
Supplementary essential variables apply or when a WPS. Process is suitable for most of the commonly used metals 5 Welding Processes and alloys. A number of density readings should be f.
API 577 – Welding Inspection and Metallurgy
Nothing contained in metalkurgy API publication is to be construed as granting any right, by implication or otherwise, for the manufacture, sale, or use of any method, apparatus, or prod- uct covered by letters patent.
This The diameters of the resulting impressions are compared reduction in area is expressed as a percentage. Magnifiers—helpful in bringing out small details and welds, the reinforcement of butt welds and root openings. Reduce shrinkage stresses in the weld and base metal, varying techniques based on rebound, indentation resistance which is wslding important in weld joints with high or comparator indentations may be applied and the results restraint.
The various discontinuities found in weld- ments may not always be readily detectable. Many welding problems between the electrode axis and a line perpendicular to the can be avoided during this stage when it is easier to make weld axis, in a plane determined by the electrode axis and the changes and corrections, rather than after the welding is in weld axis. Dual element, focused, 60, 70, technique is commonly used to determine length of the reflec- and OD creeping wave are used to examine the outer one half tor.
The holding time at temperature should also being welded and weld joint geometry.
Heat treatment procedure is available and appropriate see a. Testing coupons for a Metallurty is easier for the the area under test is found to be acceptable when no continu- coupon is cross-sectioned and etched to identify the weld, ous bubble formation is observed. Unique number or designation that will distinguish it from k.
See Figures 1 and 2 for schematics tion requirements. Welding process and type.
API 577 Welding Inspection and Metallurgy
Piping socket welds have proper gap. An indication of depth is pos- position is then used together with a software program to sible if the Inspector observes and compares the indication determine the accurate length and depth of the defect. Competency of inspection organization to perform speci- b. This technique is ideal for inspecting 9.