In his seminal lecture “Is Patriotism a Virtue?” Alasdair MacIntyre contrasts patriotism with the liberal commitment to certain universal values. He notes that Alasdair MacIntyre has given a defense of patriotism: MacIntyre’s argument (in his Lindley Lecture, “Is Patriotism a Virtue?. the nature of a more sophisticated patriotism comes from Scottish philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre, in an essay titled “Is Patriotism a Virtue?”.
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To be sure, there is much overlap between country and nation, and therefore between patriotism and nationalism; thus much that applies to one will also apply to the other. I think most people who reflect may take at some point in their life a stance of philosophic indifference or neutrality but they themselves are grounded by institutions. Science Logic and Mathematics. If it could, other types of partialism, such as tribalism, racism, or sexism, would by the same token prove morally valuable too.
One who denies that people in general have a duty of special concern for the well-being of their friends shows that she does not understand what friendship is.
There is simply no reason for it, your birth in to any given nation is an entirely contingent circumstance. These benefits are made possible by cooperation of those who live in the country, participate in the enterprise, owe and render allegiance to the polity.
In fact, most of book 1 of the Politics is dedicated to showing how politics is fundamentally macuntyre from other forms of association. Finally, moderate patriotism is not uncritical, unconditional, or egocentric. It will therefore be judged morally unobjectionable by all except some adherents of a strict type of cosmopolitanism.
Its adherent will show special concern for his country and compatriots, but that will not prevent him from showing concern for other countries and their inhabitants. Someone showing concern for the well-being of others well beyond the degree of concern for others required of all of us is considered a morally better person than the rest of us other things equalan example of supererogatory virtue.
At one level, we are often justified in taking into account our particular commitments and attachments, including those to our country. What weight do you give to the concern that if we continue with our historically short-sighted individualistic ways we certainly will not be able to meet the global ecological and economic catastrophes that our world is presently suffering from?
Patriots will find this account of their love of and loyalty to their country alien to what they feel patriotism is all about.
Alasdair MacIntyre, Is patriotism a virtue? – PhilPapers
One worry here is that considerations of gratitude normally arise in interpersonal relations. Bernard Bosanquet – – Freeport, N. This changed in the s. This new, emphatically political version of patriotism has been met with both sympathy and skepticism. This leads her to hide from herself the true source of some of the beliefs involved. There is no great difference between special affection and love, and Nathanson himself uses the terms interchangeably. How is it patrioitsm to similar attitudes, such as nationalism?
Philosophical and Political PerspectivesAldershot: Brady marked it as to-read Dec 08, Paul Vittay marked it as laasdair Feb 25, We can distinguish five types of patriotism, and each needs to be judged on its merits. However, there is another, more plausible line of criticism of patriotism focusing on its intellectual, rather than moral credentials. They differ with regard to the lengths to which these interests will be promoted: Insofar as John belongs to the type serial killeror even the sui generis type John-the-Serial-Killerhe will have tendencies discordant with his nature.
The benefits one has received from her country might be considered relevant to the duty of patriotism in a different way: Wait what does that even have to do with anything I wrote?
Soutphommasane, Tim,The Virtuous Citizen: A universalist would, in principle, object to this but it is hard to argue since one could legitimately macintyrr what business of our is it to interfere in these relationships. This leads MacIntyre to conclude that patriotism is not to be contrasted with morality; it is rather a central moral virtue, indeed the bedrock of morality.
MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism
I do not believe in ideals or forms of community as a nostrum for contemporary social ills. Chess may have meant little to me until I started playing it: The claim about the intrinsic value of our association might be thought a moot point.
Since the rise of the nation-state, alwsdair has been widely held that some form of nationalism is indispensable as a pre-political basis of the unity of the state that makes for solidarity among citizens and provides them with motivation to participate in public life and make sacrifices for the common good. Marc marked it as to-read May 08, How to cite this entry. I also belong to a certain family, profession, nation, and numerous other groups and activities.
MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism
No keywords specified fix it. Some of these objections can easily be countered. A degree of complicity may also accrue to those who have no part in designing or putting into effect immoral practices, laws or policies, do not support them or benefit from them, but do benefit in various ways from being citizens of the country. Your email address will not be published.
By doing so, we will be attending to an important aspect of our own moral identity and integrity. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Alex Riedel marked it as to-read Jul 25, If someone were to deny that she has a duty of special concern for the well-being of her country and compatriots, beyond what the laws of her country mandate and beyond the concern she has for humans and humanity, would she thereby cease to be a citizen in the sense involving equal standing?
The special relationship between the patriot and the patria and compatriots — the relationship of love and identification — has been dissolved.
A good example is provided by the Ten Commandments, a major document of Western morality. Request removal from index. If justice is understood in universal, rather than parochial terms, if common human solidarity counts as a weighty moral consideration, and if peace is of paramount importance and war is morally permissible only when it is just, then this kind of patriotism must be rejected.
History of Western Philosophy.