: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: Abuta grandifolia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on internet. Accessed: Angiosperms · Menispermaceae · Abuta. Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) Sandwith This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Abuta (family. Abuta grandifolia is a species of plants with 1 observation.
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The dichloromethane extracts of Abuta grandifolia and Minthostachys setosa Labiatae demonstrated high larvicidal activity against Aedes aegyptithe most active being the dichloromethane extract of A. Among the Siona, a leaf infusion is used as a febrifuge, and also as an ingredient of curare Schultes and Raffauff, Bark used as Peruvian ayahuasca ingredient, dart poison and headache remedy Yahualicaspi is a 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow eatable fruits.
Abuta is one of the components of the arrow poison curare of some indigenous tribes of South America especially Abuta imene from Colombia. Each tribe in the Amazon Region knows and uses this plant against several troubles such as headaches, stomachache, toothache, colds, sore throat, colic and tuberculosis.
In Ecuador it is used in labor for hemorrhage and pain, and has been employed to treat colic in nervous children; according to Schultes, one treatment lasts for one year Schultes and Raffauff, The animals hunted with blowpipes and poisoned arrows or even humans die of the breakdown of the respiratory and heart muscles.
It is also used to treat snakebite Schultes and Raffauff, Grahdifolia in composed panicles.
See List of Abuta species. Yahualicaspi is a 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow eatable fruits.
This effect utilises even our modern medicine injecting an extract of Chondrodendron tormentosum to relax the muscles of the patients during surgery.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. But today this substance is produce artificially. It is in the tropical rain forest.
Abuta grandifolia – Useful Tropical Plants
Retrieved from ” https: You just have to cook the useful parts of the plant and take a drink of it. Roots of Abuta rufescens are used as medicinal in diseases of the urogenital tractbut it is dangerous.
The Plant-Book 2nd ed. This vine whose range includes the Amazon Basin was originally collected in Shushufindi Vickers and Plowman, Much grandfolia important than the fruits is the medicinal usage of the leaves, the bark and the roots. Views Read Edit View history. It has been chemically studied and shown to contain the alkaloids palmatine and derivatives of berberine.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The genera Anelasma Miers and Batschia Thunb. Palmatine has a strong antipyretic action as well as a depressant effect on the blood pressure and the central nervous system Grenand et al. Illustrations A-F from A. Abuta is a genus in the grabdifolia plant family Menispermaceaeof about 32 species, native to tropical Central and South America.
It consists in dioecious climbers or rarely erect trees or shrubs Abuta concolor with simple leaves. Sometimes they add Abuta grandifolia to the mixture but it is not one of the main components. This page was last edited on 16 Februaryat Curare is a poison, which paralyses the muscles when it gets into the blood circuit.
Saponins and alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia 
The poison curare usually is made of a mixture of several plants, the combination depends on the tribe and the shaman, but it contains always one of the species mentioned above. It should be mentioned that Abuta grandifolia belongs to granndifolia same family as Chondrodendron tormentosum and Curares toxifera, which are the main components o the poison curare.
The Quichua make a compress of the leaf decoction and use it to treat headache. The family of Menispemaceae is rich in alkaloid, which explains the usefulness of this group of plants.
But both species are found more frequently further in jungle than at the foot of the Andes. For other uses, see Abuta abutz. Menispermaceae genera Neotropic ecozone flora Menispermaceae.
Engler, Das Pflanzenreich Abuta is usually classified in the tribe Anomospermeae Miers, together with Anomospermum Miers.